In the next dialog you must enter a name for the registry file you loaded. This name will be displayed under the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE key. In the example below, I will load the registry file of another user account on my Windows 8 installation. The values are used by Windows and many applications to store various configuration parameters and their data. Values are of various types, but in the general case, there are string values, numeric values or binary values. As seen in the picture above, it consists of two panes – the left pane shows a hierarchical view of data structures, called keys, and right pane shows values – which are pairs of name/data stored within keys.
The complete registry is created during the startup process and assembled in memory. The registry is the sum of two parts, the data and the processes that create it and provide access to it. In the following key, the values are run when the specific user logs in. The registry also tracks the IP addresses of the user interfaces. Note that there may be numerous interfaces and this registry key tracks each interface’s IP address and related information.
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- Most other antivirus apps are pretty good about turning Defender off when you install them, and turning it back on if you uninstall them.
- That means your third-party app handles real-time protection, but you can still run a manual scan with Defender whenever you want.
- Windows Defender offers solid protection, but sometimes openal32.dll it can cause certain issues with games to appear.
- Windows Defenderis a reasonably solid antivirus app that comes built into Windows 7, 8, and 10.
- Running more than one real-time protection app can cause conflicts and waste system resources.
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REG_DWORD – This type represents the data by a four byte number and is commonly used for boolean values, such as "0" is disabled and "1" is enabled. Additionally many parameters for device driver and services are this type, and can be displayed in REGEDT32 in binary, hexadecimal and decimal format, or in REGEDIT in hexadecimal and decimal format. The other Windows components that allow the registry data to be accessed are in the Windows kernel. The Registry Configuration Manager is the most dedicated but other kernel components like the Object Manager provide further essential capabilities. These are discussed in more detail in How is the registry managed? In other words, the registry hive files stored on your disk are not the complete registry.
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As administrators roll out Windows 7, the following questions and associated registry keys may help them achieve their desired user experience . Add the names of registry keys in brackets on their own lines.
If a key does not already exist at this location, the .Reg file will create it. For example, enter "[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Personalization]" to create or write-to that key. There are a lot of important Windows settings you can only change by editing the Registry. For example, in Windows 10, you need to tweak the Registry to bring your mouse up to maximum speed or stop the Edge Browser from restoring all its tabs after a crash. You certainly wouldn’t want a semi-computer-literate user touching the Windows Registry. Out of all the windows functions the Windows register is the only part that does not fall under windows protection policies, in fact it dictates how windows should apply its very routines and security.
They only need the settings in their profile to customize the system to suit them. The registry stores configuration settings in a hierarchy to minimise the size of the registry. System-wide settings are used first then the user settings are added on top. This means that the user settings only have to store those settings that differ from the default. The user settings then supercede the equivalent system-wide settings. A subkey can have another subkey so key and subkey are usually interchangeable in the same way as directory and subdirectory or folder and subfolder. A key with no value can still store data in what is called the default value.
So the Boot Configuration Data is loaded from its file. Once the Windows Loader is started then the hardware abstraction layer and the kernel image are loaded before the Registry API is available. The System hive is loaded into physical memory to determine the relevant control set to be used to configure Windows properly. The registry is then assembled and from that point further startup processes are accessing the registry and making changes. These changes are made whether there are any further changes to the computer configuration or any problems that may develop. Another advantage of only storing differences from the system or default settings is that different users can easily use the same computer with the same system configuration.
When a user logs on, Windows loads hives that are specific to that user. These contain settings that differ from the defaults. The first steps of startup are designed to determine the configuration needed to load Windows. But initially the Windows Kernel and the registry are not loaded.